Bill Of Material
Introduction to Bill Of Material
A bill the material defines what parts or components are used to manufacture a product. In opentaps you can define a bill of material having nested subassemblies of unlimited depth, meaning that the components could themselves be manufactured from lower-level subassemblies without limitation.
Each component in a bill of material has a quantity specified which defines how many of this component is used for one unit of the manufactured product. For example, a laptop could have one screen and two USB ports associate with it. In this case, the quantities would be one screen to one laptop and two USB ports to one laptop.
Bill of material items can have fractional quantities, which may cause fractional quantities to be required when the finished product is being manufactured or planned.
You can also define fractional quantities in a bill of material to model relationships, where a large batch of something is used to make smaller batches. For example, 1 pound of bulk milk powder could be used to manufacture 1/16 of a retail bag of powder. This, however, may cause small rounding errors, depending on the quantities involved.
Finally, a bill of material component could also have a scrap factor associated with it. The scrap factor is used in Material Resources Planning to prepare additional quantities for production. For example, if a bill of material component has a quantity of 2 but a scrap factor of 50%, Material Resources Planning and build material simulations will say that 3 of this component is required per 1 finished product.
The scrap factor could also be a negative number to be used as a "salvage factor," in case the part could be salvaged from some existing stockpile instead of ordered or manufactured again. For example, a bill of material component has a quantity of 2 but a scrap factor of -50%, then only 1 will be required per each finished product.
In opentaps version 1.4, you can define alternative BOMs for different production processes, or routings. For more information, see Using Alternate Bom
Using the BOM Screens and Functions
Refer to Edit Bom Screen to Create or Edit the BOM for a product.
Refer to Bom Simulation Screen for guidance on simulating production of the product and interpreting the graphical report that is produced by simulation.
Refer to Using Alternate Bom for an example of how to set up alternate production routings and associated BOMs.